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Source: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Health Resources & Services Administration(HRSA). Bureau of Health Workforce, Designed Health Professionals Shortage Areas Statistics. https://datawarehouse.hrsa.gov/topics/shortageAreas.aspx

Notes: The Population affected denotes people who live an area that the Health Resources & Service Administration deems as having a shortage of primary medical care, dental or mental health providers and may be geographic (a county or service area), demographic (low income population) or institutional (comprehensive health center, federally qualified health center or other public facility). A shortage area is defined as a shortage of providers in terms of population-to-provider ratio that meets or exceeds a certain threshold that the Health Resources & Service Administration has established. For primary care professionals, the population-to-provider ratio meets or exceeds the threshold of 3,000 to 1. For dental care professionals, the population-to-provider ratio meets or exceeds the threshold of 4,000 to 1. Mental health designations may qualify for designation based on the population to psychiatrist ratio, the population to core mental health provider (psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, psychiatric nurse specialists, and marriage and family therapists) ratio, or the population to both psychiatrist and core mental health provider ratios. For mental health geographic designations based on the ratio of population to psychiatrist ratio, the designation must have a ratio of 30,000 to 1. For mental health geographic designations based on the ratio of population to core mental health providers, the designation must have a ratio of 9,000 to 1. For mental health geographic designations based on the ratios of both population to psychiatrist and population to core mental health providers, the designation must have ratios of 20,000 to 1 (psychiatrists) and 6,000 to 1 (core mental health providers).For correctional facilities, the threshold is 2,000:1 and takes into account the average length of stay, and whether or not intake examinations are routinely performed.

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